Amanda Fallon

Professor Jed Wolfson

Human anatomy 1

October 27, 2011

Rhabdomyolysis: Disease of Muscle Breakdown

Rhabdomyolysis is the malfunction of broken muscle tissues causing the release of muscle fiber material into the bloodstream (Patel Meters. D. ). This disease occurs once there is injury to the skeletal muscle. The breakdown products of ruined muscle skin cells, such as myoglobin, are harmful to the kidneys and frequently result in kidney destruction or even renal failure. The severity in the symptoms depends on the degree of muscle tissue damage plus the degree of the kidney destruction, if any kind of. The primary muscle damage may be caused by physical damage, medicines, drug abuse and some infections. Some patients might have high risk of rhabdomyolsis because of a hereditary muscle state that is currently present. There are plenty of causes of rhabdomyolysis. One of the most prevalent causes of this disease is actually a crush incident, such as an automobile accident. Long lasting muscle compression is also one more cause of rhabdomyolysis. Long lasting muscle tissue compression comes from " lying unconscious on a hard surface during an illness or perhaps while under the influence of drugs or alcohol " (Chang M. D. ). An untrained athlete can also get this disease from serious muscle strain where the muscle tissue becomes broken. Significant muscles injury might cause fluid and electrolyte changes from the bloodstream into the destroyed muscle skin cells, and in the alternative direction (eMedicineHealth). Other causes of rhabdomyolysis will be electrical surprise, very high body's temperature (hyperthermia) or perhaps heat heart stroke, diseases of the muscular program such as " congenital muscles enzyme deficiency or Duchenne's muscular dystrophy” (Chang M. D. ).

Signs and symptoms of this disease may be hard to pinpoint because the course of the condition varies depending on cause and patient may experience diverse symptoms. Issues of this disease may also be present in the early stages as well as in the later levels. The symptoms of rhabdomyolysis come from the medical history with the patient. The patient may knowledge painful swollen bruised or tender parts of the body. Muscle weak spot may also be knowledgeable by the sufferer, such as difficulty moving the arms or the legs. Nausea, vomiting and a general impression of illness can be skilled by the sufferer. The rise in body temperature (hyperthermia) may cause misunderstandings, dehydration, and a lack of intelligence if certainly not treated. The signs of rhabdomyolysis range from physical findings of an exam done by a doctor or a doctor. Less severe forms of rhabdomyolysis may not cause any symptoms or symptoms, and the medical diagnosis can only be seen in abnormal blood checks. The urine, as noticed in the picture to the right, may be darker, often identified as " tea-colored", due to the existence of myoglobin in the urine. Damage to the kidneys can occur due to reduced or lack of urine production, usually 12 to twenty four hours after the preliminary muscle destruction (Patel Meters. D. ). A second recognized complication can be disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), a extreme disruption in blood clotting that may bring about uncontrollable bleeding (Warren M. D. ).

Muscle biopsies can be useful if an episode of rhabdomyolysis is definitely thought to be the result of an underlying muscles disorder. A biopsy test taken during an event is often uninformative, as it displays only proof of cell fatality or may possibly appear typical (eMedicineHealth). Taking sample may be delayed for several weeks or perhaps months. The histopathological physical appearance on the biopsy indicates the nature of the actual disorder (eMedicineHealth). Biopsy sites may be identified by medical imaging, such as using magnetic resonance the image (MRI), as the muscles may not be equally impacted by this disease.

Early on laboratory conclusions include increased levels of myoglobin, potassium, urea, and phosphorus found in bloodstream levels. A great " ion gap metabolic acidosis” can progress mainly because...

Bibliography: Alter M. M., Louise. WebMD. 13 Sept. 2010 2010. twenty-two October 2011.

eMedicineHealth. Rhabdomyolysis (Cont. ). 2011. 35 October 2011.

Patel Meters. D., Parul. U. S i9000. National Catalogue of Medicine. 13 August 2009. 21 March 2011.

Ritz, Eberhard. " Disease from the Month: Rhabdmyolysis. " Record of the American Society of Nephrology (2000): 1553-1561.

Warren M. D., JD. " Rhabdomyolysis: a review. " Muscle and Neurological (2002): 32-47.